Newport Forest

Newport MertensiaThe title to Newport Forest was transferred from Omnibus Research Inc. to Thames Talbot Land Trust in June 2007. 

The 44.5-ha (110 acre) site is located on the south side of the Thames River near Wardsville, Ontario within the Carolinian Zone. Historically, it is ecologically contiguous with the Skunk's Misery area on the north side of the Thames, barely one kilometer's distance over intervening agricultural land.

Newport Forest consists of lowland forest, with some upland forest (the Hogsback), meadow, ravine slopes and bluff forests, and floodplain. 

The highest point of land is the Hogsback, a partially eroded Pleistocene rover terrace. The lower part of Newport Forest is subject to periodic flooding, which has considerable influence on plant and animal life. The soil is glacial clay with some underlying till and an upper horizon (about 10 dc) of clay loam.

The upland forest on the Hogsback consists of a Maple-Beech canopy with about 10 other woody species present, including Red, White and Chinquapin Oak, Blue Ash and Blue-beech. 

The four lowland forests – Riverside Forest, Blind Creek Forest, West Ravine Forest, and New Floodplain Forest (also known as Fleming's Creek Ravine) – consist mainly of Box Elder, Black Walnut, Sycamore, Sugar and Black maples, Black Willow, American Elm and Slippery Elm. The Beech-Maple complex, including White Ash, is also present to varying degrees. 

Blind Creek is an ephemeral wetland formed when Fleming's Creek cut new banks to the Thames River and abandoned its former bed. The banks of Fleming's Creek and the west ravine are heavily wooded, prime sites for spring wildflowers.

On the Thames floodplain, between the river and the Riverside Forest, grow some unusual species, including Cup Plant.

The Upper and Lower Meadows, previously used for grazing cattle, will be allowed to succeed into forest, except for small service areas. Already, the meadows include several interesting native plants such as Wingstem, coneflowers, Blue-eyed grass, and Aster species.

The preliminary checklist of 181 plant species indicates that 75 per cent are native, including Carolinian species. 

The meadows and adjacent scrub provide habitat for birds including Savanna Sparrow, Eastern Meadowlark and Eastern Bluebird. The lowland forest and floodplain attract a wide variety of migrating and resident birds including the Red-bellied Woodpecker.

Property History

Newport Forest is part of a much larger forest complex (dissected by adjoining farmland) known as the Skunk's Misery Complex, which consists of about 4000 acres of forest in various conditions, from the near-pristine to selectively logged.

Historically, the physical relief of these lands appeared during the post-glacial period, emerging from beneath ice-sheets along the proto-Thames River approximately 14,000 years ago. Before the arrival of European settlers in 1830, this area was fully forested except for small areas of prairie and wetlands.

Among the early landowners of "Newport Forest" were Alex Cameron (1840) and Henry Powell (1877). During and since that period the land has always been mixed agriculture and woodlot.

In about 1970, Lorne Thomas Newport of R.R.1, Wardsville acquired the property from his grandfather and for the next several years pastured cattle on the old fields, adjacent to property owned by his brother Harvey Newport and his mother, Eva Newport. Selective logging was done in the 1970s, 1980s and a small area was logged again in the early 1990s.

After the sudden death of Lorne Newport in 1998, his executrix, Eva Newport, put the property up for sale. The Nature Conservancy of Canada inspected the property and encouraged its use as a conservation area. In June, 2000, it was purchased by Omnibus Research, Inc (A.K. Dewdney), who began the process of gifting the land to TTLT.

View a YouTube video about Newport Forest prepared by the London Community Foundation.